Installing Jitsi Meet on Debian Buster (10)

Jitsi Meet Overview

Jitsi Meet is a free and fully encrypted open source video conferencing service solution providing high quality and audio without subscription or the need to create an account which can be installed easily on a virtual instance, running on Debian 10 Buster.

The tool provides features like:

  • Sharing of desktops, presentations, and more
  • Inviting users to a conference via a simple, custom URL
  • Editing documents together using Etherpad
  • Trading messages and emojis while video conferencing, with integrated chat.

Requirements

  • You have an account and are logged into console.scaleway.com
  • You have configured your SSH Key
  • You have a Scaleway Elements Instance running Debian Buster (Version 10)
  • For best performances of Jitsi Meet, an it is recommanded to use an instance with at least 4 GB of RAM (DEV1-M or larger)
  • You have a domain or subdomain pointed to your Instance

Note: This tutorial describes the installation of Jitsi Meet on Debian Buster. If you prefer the installation of Jitsi Meet on Ubuntu Bionic Beaver, follow this link.

Installing Jitsi Meet

1 . Configure a the hostname of the server corresponding to your domain / subdomain name:

hostnamectl set-hostname jitsi
sed -i 's/^127.0.1.1.*$/127.0.1.1 jitsi.mydomain.tld jitsi/g' /etc/hosts
sed -i 's/^127.0.0.1.*$/127.0.0.1 localhost jitsi.mydomain.tld jitsi/g' /etc/hosts

2 . Update the apt packet cache and upgrade the software installed on the instance to the latest version available on the Debian repositories:

apt update && apt upgrade

3 . Install a Nginx web server before installing Jitsi Meet. The Jitsi installation tool will take care about the configuration of Nginx, if it is present on the system. Run the following commands to install and enable Nginx:

apt install -y nginx
systemctl start nginx.service
systemctl enable nginx.service

Important: If Nginx or Apache is not present on the system, Jitsi Meet will automatically install Jetty during the installation.

4 . Download the APT key and setup the repositories of Jitsi, to install the software via apt:

wget -qO - https://download.jitsi.org/jitsi-key.gpg.key | apt-key add -
sh -c "echo 'deb https://download.jitsi.org stable/' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jitsi-stable.list"
apt update

5 . Launch the installation of Jitsi Meet:

apt install -y jitsi-meet

When asked, enter:

  • The FQDN of your instance. For example jitsi.mydomain.tld and press Enter.
  • When asked about the SSL certificate choose the Generate a new self-signed certificate (You will later get a chance to obtain a Let's Encrypt certificate) option and press Enter.

6 . Run the following script to generate a Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate for your instance:

/usr/share/jitsi-meet/scripts/install-letsencrypt-cert.sh

Note: In case the Let’s Encrypt certificate generation fails, you may run the following command: dpkg-reconfigure jitsi-meet-web-config to reconfigure the package jitsi-meet-web-config before relaunching the certificate request.

When asked, enter:

  • Your e-mail address to receive notifications regarding your certificate and press enter to request the certificate.

7 . The Jitsi Meet instance is configured now and ready for a first conference call. Open a Web-browser and type the FQDN of your instance, for example: https://jitsi.mydomain.tld. The following screen will appear:

Jitsi Meet Login

  • Enter a name for your conference and press Go to enter the conference room. It is now possible to share the link, to set a password, configure the audio and video quality and more for the conference.

8 . Happy conferencing :)

Jitsi Meet Conference.

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