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Deploying Jitsi Meet with Docker

Reviewed on 17 July 2024Published on 24 March 2020
  • media
  • Jitsi-Meet
  • videoconferencing
  • Docker
  • deployment

Jitsi Meet is a fully encrypted, open-source video conferencing tool. You do not need an account or subscription to use it. The solution can be installed natively on Ubuntu Bionic Beaver (18.04 LTS) and Debian Buster. You can also install it using a containerized application running on Docker.

This tutorial explains how to install the Jitsi Meet solution on an Instance using the Docker Image provided by the Jitsi team, allowing you to deploy your personal Jitsi Meet video conferencing solution in a few easy steps. It is based on a Debian stable base installation and provides all additional modules available for Jitsi like Etherpad or jigasi, a gateway allowing SIP connections to the Jitsi Meet Instance.

Before you start

To complete the actions presented below, you must have:

  • A Scaleway account logged into the console
  • Owner status or IAM permissions allowing you to perform actions in the intended Organization
  • An SSH key
  • An Instance running on Ubuntu Bionic Beaver (or later) with at least 4 GB of RAM
  • A domain or subdomain pointed to your Instance

Setting up Docker

  1. Connect to your Instance via SSH.
  2. Update the package cache and upgrade the software already installed on the Instance using the apt package manager:
    apt update && apt upgrade -y
  3. Add Docker’s official GPG key to your system:
    apt-get update
    apt-get install ca-certificates curl
    install -m 0755 -d /etc/apt/keyrings
    curl -fsSL -o /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.asc
    chmod a+r /etc/apt/keyrings/docker.asc
  4. Add the Docker repository to your Apt sources:
    echo \
    "deb [arch=$(dpkg --print-architecture) signed-by=/etc/apt/keyrings/docker.asc] \
    $(. /etc/os-release && echo "$VERSION_CODENAME") stable" | \
    tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/docker.list > /dev/null
    apt-get update
  5. Install Docker using Apt:
    apt-get install docker-ce docker-ce-cli docker-buildx-plugin docker-compose-plugin docker-compose unzip

Installing Jitsi Meet

  1. Download and extract the latest release of Jitsi Meet:
    wget $(curl -s | grep 'zip' | cut -d\" -f4)
  2. Unzip the downloaded package:
    unzip <filename>
  3. Enter the Jitsi Meet directory:
    cd jitsi-docker-jitsi-meet-*
  4. Create a .env file by copying and adjusting env.example:
    cp env.example .env
  5. Generate and configure strong passwords in the security section option of .env file by running the following bash script:
  6. Create the required configuration directories for Jitsi Meet:
    mkdir -p ~/.jitsi-meet-cfg/{web,transcripts,prosody/config,prosody/prosody-plugins-custom,jicofo,jvb,jigasi,jibri}
  7. Run docker compose up -d, open a web browser and access the Jitsi Meet UI at https://<YOUR_INSTANCE_IP>:8443.

Jitsi Meet defaults to listening on port 8443 for HTTPS. While HTTP is an option on port 8000, it is typically used in reverse proxy configurations. Accessing Jitsi Meet directly via HTTP instead of HTTPS can result in WebRTC errors like Failed to access your microphone/camera: Cannot use microphone/camera for an unknown reason, or errors related to getUserMedia or navigator.mediaDevices being undefined.

Connecting to the Instance

  1. Open a web browser on your local computer and access the web UI at https://<public_instance_ip>:8443. The Jitsi Meet login screen displays:

Enter a name for your conference and press Go to enter the conference room. It is now possible to share the conference link, set a password, configure the audio and video quality, and more.

For more information concerning the Jitsi Meet Docker image, refer to the official Jitsi documentation.

Additional considerations

  • SSL Certificate: For production use, consider setting up a reverse proxy with Nginx and obtaining an SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt for secure connections.
  • Scaling: To handle more users, you might need to adjust the server resources or implement horizontal scaling by deploying multiple Jitsi Meet instances behind a load balancer.
  • Customization: You can customize the Jitsi Meet interface and functionality by modifying the .env file and other configuration files in the setup directories.

By following these steps, you can deploy a secure, self-hosted Jitsi Meet video conferencing solution using Docker in a few steps.

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