Manage Virtual Machines with VMware ESXi

VMware - ESXi Overview

VMware ESXi is a hypervisor developed by VMware to deploy and manage virtual machines. Unlike other solutions ESXi is not a software application running on a traditional operating system, instead it provides vital OS components, such as a kernel.

Management of the virtual machines can be done through an easy to use web interface.

Requirements

Installing ESXi

EXSi can be installed on a Scaleway Dedibox server in two ways: through the Scaleway Dedibox Console or through KVM over IP.

Option 1: Via the Scaleway Dedibox Console

1 . Access the server page of your Dedibox on the console and click on Install:

2 . Click on VIRTUALIZATION DISTRIBUTIONS:

3 . Select EXSi on the distribution menu, then EXSi 6.5.0d 64BITS under Chose a Version and click on Install EXSI:

4 . Complete the next steps by including your Partitioning and System Configuration preferences when requested and conclude installation.

Option 2: Via KVM over IP

Your server can also be booted from an ESXi ISO file through a KVM over IP device if included in your Dedibox. This type of installation gives you the possibility of installing your own licenses or remote ISO files.

ESXi ISO images are available on VMWare’s “Evaluate Products” page.

You can also refer to the VMWare VSPhere Hypervisor documentation for more information on how to configure your network and activate an SSH key in EXSi.

1 . To begin installation via KVM over IP, access the server page of your Dedibox on the console and click on Install.

2 . Click on KVM over IP:

3 . A Disclaimer window pops up. Make sure you have read and agreed to the terms displayed and click on I ACCEPT.

4 . You will be redirected to your server’s status page. Click on the third button on the right. The model of the KVM over IP device is determined by the brand of your Dedibox chassis. For a Dell chassis, you will use IDRAC:

The process from this step forward may differ according to the KVM model being used. Please refer to the Scaleway Dedibox KVM over IP documentation to conclude the installation.

Registering ESXi

1 . Open your web browser and go to https://your_dedibox_ip/ (replace your_dedibox_ip with the public IP address of your Dedibox).

2 . The ESXI login screen displays. Use the user root and the password set during the installation of ESXi. Click on Log in

3 . Click on Manage (1), then Licensing (2) followed by Assign License and enter the license code for ESXi. A free ESXi license can be obtained directly from VMware.

4 . Validate the license. The license details are shown:

Uploading ISO Files

The VMware ESXi hypervisor uses full virtualisation for virtual machines. They can be installed directly from an ISO file, like a physical machine. To be able to launch the installation of virtual machines, ISO images have to be available in the local datastore.

1 . From the ESXi dashboard, click on Storage to view the storage dashboard. Click Datastore Browser to display the datastore content:

2 . Click Upload and choose an ISO file on your local computer to upload it to the datastore:

Creating Virtual Machines

1 . Click Virtual Machines in the side menu to display the virtual machines dashboard. Click Create / Register VM to launch the virtual machine creation wizard:

2 . Select Create a new virtual machine and click Next:

3 . Select a name and the guest OS type for the virtual machine:

Choose the settings according to your guest operating system. For Ubuntu Linux go with the following settings:

  • Compatability: ESXi 6.5 virtual machine
  • Guest OS family: Linux
  • Guest OS version: Ubuntu Linux (64-bit)

4 . Select the datastore in which to store the configuration and disk files:

5 . The virtual machine settings display. Set the amount of RAM and CPU cores towards your requirements. Click Add other device and choose CD/DVD drive from the list of options.

6 . Click on the Network Adapter 1 to display the advanced settings. Set the Mac Address settings to Manual (1) and enter the virtual MAC address (2) associated to the failover IP of the virtual machine. Click New CD/DVD Drive to display the advanced settings. Choose Datastore ISO file from the drop-down menu. Click Browse (3) in the CD/DVD Media section to select the ISO file containing the operating system installer.

7 . A summary of the configuration displays. Click Finish to start the creation of the virtual machine and to leave the configuration wizard:

8 . On the virtual machine dashboard, tick the checkbox of the VM (1), then click Power On (2) to boot the virtual machine from the ISO file.

9 . Double click on the console preview to launch the console of the virtual machine. You can now run the installation of your operating system:

The network configuration of the virtual machine is done during the installation. You may refer to the network configuration documentation to find more information on how to configure the networking on your operating system.

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