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Web Hosting - Concepts

Reviewed on 22 April 2024


An email alias is an additional email address for an email account, with which a user can send and receive emails, or set forwards to. A single user account can have multiple email aliases, with different domains or even with the same domain.


cPanel is a web hosting control panel that simplifies the management of websites. It provides a user-friendly graphical interface, allowing users to perform tasks such as creating email accounts, managing files, and installing applications. cPanel is widely used by website owners to streamline the administration of their web hosting services.

Dedicated IP

Dedicated IP is a paid option that allows you to have a unique IP, separate from the shared default IP, for each hosting.

Opting for a dedicated IP is ideal if you intend to send emails and protect your IP reputation. This ensures that you will not be affected by the negative reputation other clients sharing the same IP may have. Upon activation, we automatically assign your hosting a dedicated IP after verifying it is not blacklisted. Deactivating the option triggers a similar check. If the IP is clean, it will automatically be removed from your account. Otherwise, contact our support team to address any issues.

Email account

An email account is an email address on which mail is stored (unlike an alias / catchall). You can check your email accounts via two protocols: POP3 and IMAP.

FTP account

FTP, or File Transfer Protocol, is a protocol that allows you to transfer files between different computers over the internet. It allows you, as part of your Web Hosting plan, to transfer your files from your computer to - e.g. to update your website. It also works the other way around: you can recover the files stored on and transfer them to your personal computer, e.g. to make a backup.


Filtering allows you to sort your emails depending on different criteria (the sender, the subject, the object and much more). If the email meets one or more criteria you can define different actions (delete the email, move it into a folder, etc).


.htaccess is a simple text file containing commands for the configuration of the Apache web server. It allows you to personalize the server dynamically and per folder. The configuration values are inherited through directories. Common applications for setting up a .htaccess file are switching between PHP4 and PHP5, protection of a part of the site, redirecting a website to another, or customizing error messages. Once on the server, its name must be .htaccess, starting with a dot.


PHP is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. While PHP originally stood for Personal Home Page, it now stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor, which is a recursive backronym.


The php.ini file is the configuration file used for applications that require PHP. It contains variable configurations such as upload size, file timeout, and resource limits. For Scaleway Web Hosting, we provide PHP with the most common values preconfigured. If required, you can customize the configuration of PHP to suit your needs.


Plesk serves as a web hosting control panel, similar to cPanel, aiming to simplify the management of websites. Its user-friendly interface facilitates tasks such as domain management, email configuration, and database administration. Plesk can easily be extended with additional features using the Plesk Extension Catalog.

Web Hosting

Web Hosting is a service provided by Scaleway which offers storage space and access for your websites. Our Web Hosting plans include:

  • A domain name
  • A configurable web hosting service
  • The management of your emails, including anti-spam, antivirus and filter systems
  • Unlimited subdomains
  • An FTP account to upload your website
  • At least one database
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