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Using Object Storage with s3fs
During this tutorial you will learn how to use s3fs as a client for Object Storage.
Object Storage allows you to store any kind of objects (documents, images, videos, etc.). You can retrieve them anytime and from anywhere.
For instance, you can store images and they will be accessible using HTTP. You can use the control panel to manage your storage.
As our API is S3 compatible, it can be used with many tools that are created to interact with S3 compatible Object Storage.
This tutorial details how to use the Object Storage with s3fs. Pleas note that using s3fs with Scaleway, you are limited to a maximum file size of 128GB.
The version of
s3fs available for installation using the systems packet manager does not support files larger than 10GB. It is therefore recommended to compile a version, including the reqired corrections, from the sourcecode repository of the tool. This tutorial will guide you through the process of fixing, compiling and installing
s3fs on your machine.
You can access Object Storage buckets using API key. Refer to How to generate API key for more information about it.
s3fs allows Linux and macOS X to mount an S3 bucket via FUSE. s3fs preserves the native object format for files, to be able to use them with other tools.
Debian and Ubuntu
s3fs-fuse on Debian and Ubuntu based operating systems start by installing the dependencies:
apt update && apt upgrade -y
apt -y install automake autotools-dev fuse g++ git libcurl4-gnutls-dev libfuse-dev libssl-dev libxml2-dev make pkg-config
RedHat and CentOS
s3fs-fuse on RedHad and CentOS based operating systems start by installing the dependencies:
yum install automake fuse fuse-devel gcc-c++ git libcurl-devel libxml2-devel make openssl-devel
On macOS, install the dependencies via Homebrew:
brew install --cask osxfuse
brew install autoconf automake pkg-config gnutls libgcrypt nettle git
On macOS Big Sur you need to add permissions to FUSE in the
Settings > Security & Privacy > General tab to allow the extension.
Download the Git repository of s3fs-fuse:
git clone https://github.com/s3fs-fuse/s3fs-fuse.git
Enter the s3fs-fuse directory
MAX_MULTIPART_CNTvalue in the
- On Linux:
sed -i 's/MAX_MULTIPART_CNT = 10 /MAX_MULTIPART_CNT = 1 /' src/fdcache.cpp
- On macOS:
sed -i '' -e 's/MAX_MULTIPART_CNT = 10 /MAX_MULTIPART_CNT = 1 /' src/fdcache.cpp
autogen.shscript to generate a configuration file, configure the application and compile it from the master branch:
Then run the installation of the application using the
Copy the application into its final destination to complete the installation:
cp ~/s3fs-fuse/src/s3fs /usr/local/bin/s3fs
Enter your S3 credentials in a file
$HOME/.passwd-s3fsand set owner-only permissions:
echo <ACCESS_KEY>:<SECRET_KEY> > $HOME/.passwd-s3fs
chmod 600 $HOME/.passwd-s3fs
Create a file system from an existing bucket:
$SCW-BUCKET-NAMEwith the name of your Object Storage bucket and
$FOLDER-TO-MOUNTwith the local folder to mount it
- Replace the
endpointparameter with the location of the your bucket (
nl-amsfor Amsterdam or
s3.fr-par.scw.cloudwith the address of the storage cluster of your bucket. It can either be
s3.nl-ams.scw.cloud(Amsterdam, The Netherlands),
s3.fr-par.scw.cloud(Paris, France) or
s3fs $SCW-BUCKET-NAME $FOLDER-TO-MOUNT -o allow_other -o passwd_file=$HOME/.passwd-s3fs-o use_path_request_style -o endpoint=fr-par -o parallel_count=15 -o multipart_size=128 -o nocopyapi -o url=https://s3.fr-par.scw.cloudImportant:
-o multipart_size=128sets the chunk (file-part) size for multipart uploads to 128MB. This value allows you to upload files up to a maximum file size of 128GB. This value allows you to upload files up to a maximum file size of 128GB. Lower values will give you better performances. You can set it to:
- A minimum chunk size of 5 MB, to increase performance (Maximum file size: 5GB)
- A maximum chunk size of 5000 MB, to increase the maximum file size (Maximum file size: 5TB)
Add the following line to
/etc/fstabto mount the file system on boot:
Note: Remember to replace
s3.fr-par.scw.cloudwith the address corresponding to your buckets’ geographical location.
s3fs#[bucket_name] /mount-point fuse _netdev,allow_other,use_path_request_style,url=https://s3.fr-par.scw.cloud/ 0 0
The file system will appear in your OS like a local file system and you can access the files like as they are on your hard drive.
Please note, that there are some limitations when using S3 as a file system:
- Random writes or appends to files require rewriting the entire file
- Metadata operations such as listing directories have poor performance due to network latency
- Eventual consistency can temporarily yield stale data
- No atomic renames of files or directories
- No coordination between multiple clients mounting the same bucket
- No hard links